Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. Most research projects focus on replacing current computer components with optical equivalents, resulting in an optical digital computer system processing binary data. Originally developed in the late 1960s, the first optical disc, created by james t. One reason i am not a fan of patterns in the market aside from them being merely anecdotal is that the human eye can be tricked into seeing things that are not really there. A computer mouse is an example of an optical device that uses optical technology. Optical media have a number of advantages over magnetic media such as the floppy disk.
Optician software optical inventory software, retail billing, pos, database management software by softforward technologies inc. The commands determine the type of storage media needed to hold the data, based on its business value, compliance implications or other factors. These optical switches may use light beams exclusively or a combination of electronic and optical signals, depending on the application. Optical computer definition of optical computer by.
These discs include cds and dvds, which are made up of millions of small bumps and dips. What computer software is recomended for optical lab. The definition of optical drive defined and explained in simple language. We use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. An electric current flows at only about 10 percent of the speed of light. Optical character recognition or optical character reader ocr is the electronic or mechanical conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machineencoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scenephoto for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo or from subtitle text superimposed on an image for example from a television. Glossary of computer system software development terminology 895. Optical drive definition the tech terms computer dictionary. Computeraided engineering software physics software. A computer in which all internal circuits use light instead of electricity. Movement is detected by sensing changes in reflected light, rather than by interpreting the motion of. Iccsn international conference on communication software and networks. Optical computing synonyms, optical computing pronunciation, optical computing translation, english dictionary definition of optical computing. Optical drives, that can read and write cds, dvds, and sometimes bluray discs, have been an important part of the pc universe for a long time.
Nov 16, 2019 optical technology can also used in some computers, where computations are done using photons in visible or infrared beams, instead of electric current. For example, a still camera may have 3x optical zoom in the lens, but can process the image with its internal computer to 10x. Ocr software processes a digital image by locating and recognizing characters, such as letters, numbers, and symbols. Optical disk definition of optical disk by merriamwebster. Optical or photonic computing uses photons produced by lasers or diodes for computation. Optical disk definition is a disk with a plastic coating on which information such as music, visual images, or computer data is recorded digitally as in the form of tiny pits and which is read by using a laser. Practical computer systems divide software into three major classes. A complex system is an arrangement of a great number of related but various elements with intricate relationships and interconnections. To that end, an english technology company dubbed optalysys says that in january 2015, it will demonstrate a prototype optical computer that performs calculations at the speed of light. An optical disk drive odd uses a laser light to read data from or write data to an optical disc. Ethernet is a common lan architecture using a bus topology. Optical computing generated a lot of enthusiasm in the sixties with major breakthroughs opening a large number of perspectives.
A driver, or device driver, is a software program that enables a specific hardware device to work with a computer s operating system. Software explanation and definition of software what is. It explains in computing terminology what ocr means and is one of many software terms in the techterms dictionary. Nearly every optical engineering endeavor can benefit from the use of optical design and analysis products developed by optica software. Optical computers could be here by 2020 digital trends. Visionpro pos optician software visionpropos is optical. The drive contains some lenses that project electromagnetic waves that are responsible for reading and writing data on optical discs. Optical character recognition or optical character reader ocr is the electronic or mechanical conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machineencoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scenephoto for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo or from subtitle text.
An optical disc is an electronic data storage medium that can be written to and read using a lowpowered laser beam. Software is all immaterial or intangible part that runs a computer to perform a series of specific tasks, software encompassing all the digital information that makes the set of physical and material elements that conform the computer work intelligently. Optical computer definition is a computer that uses light rather than electricity to transmit, store, and process data. Optical definition of optical by the free dictionary. However, there are definite advantages of optical circuits over electrical ones. Definition of a software component and its elements bill councill george t. Optical computing article about optical computing by the. Drivers may be required for internal components, such as video cards and optical media drives, as well as external peripherals, such as printers and monitors.
Long predicted, an all optical computer is not expected for some time as there are enormous hurdles to overcome. An optical mouse is an advanced computer pointing device that uses a lightemitting diode led, an optical sensor, and digital signal processing dsp in place of the traditional mouse ball and electromechanical transducer. It is commonly used to recognize text in scanned documents, but it serves many other purposes as well. Optical computing definition of optical computing by the.
An optical computer also called a photonic computer is a device that uses the photons in visible light or infrared ir beams, rather than electric current, to perform digital computations. Perform rapid high quality metals analyses with a customizable software solution for optical emission spectrometers. Optical computer definition of optical computer at. Software was designed for multiple stores, but works equally well on a single location heavily focused on providing an excellent customer experience unique ability to track inventory.
The above text is excerpted from the wikipedia article computer software. Such endeavors include optimization, lasers and resonators, nonsequential calculations, straylight analysis, timedependent optical systems, imaging systems, spectroscopic measurement, astronomical systems, solar concentrators, fiberoptic systems, opto. In order to accomplish the software definition micronano satellite demands, which includes that its payload functions and parameters could be. This then allows the computer to move the mouse cursor across the computer screen in the appropriate direction. Hardware, such as an optical scanner or specialized circuit board is used to copy or read text while software typically handles the advanced processing. An optical drive in a computer system allows you to use cds, dvds, and bluray discs to listen to music or watch a movie. Ocr systems are made up of a combination of hardware and software that is used to convert physical documents into machinereadable text.
It will give you great support and never disappoint you in the maintaining the records. Optical computer definition, an experimental computer that uses photons rather than electrical impulses to process data a thousand times faster than with conventional integrated circuits. An optical drive refers to a computer system that allows users to use dvds, cds and bluray optical drives. Optical computing for fast light transport analysis. Driver definition the tech terms computer dictionary. Nov 28, 2012 what computer software is recomended for optical lab management. Optical drives have lasers that read these bumps and dips as ones. This approach appears to offer the best shortterm prospects for commercial optical computing, since optical components could be integrated into traditional computers to produce.
Depending on the camera and subject matter, the software created. Jan 27, 2017 optical character recognition is the recognition of languagespecific characters by a computer by analyzing an image, which is already computer readable. Nonlinear optical properties of materials are used to redirect the propagation of one light using another control light. Using this technology in a computer, called an optical computer, allows for greatly increased computational speed. Russell, stored data as micron wide dots of light and dark. Incorporated in 1992, osta is made up of members and associates from the leading optical media manufacturers and resellers of north america, europe, and asia. In the computer world, however, optical refers to lasers, which can see and read data on optical discs. The optical mouse is a computer mouse first introduced by microsoft on april 19, 1999, that utilizes leds lightemitting diodes or a laser to track movement. The period between 1980 and 2000 could be called the golden age with numerous new. An ssd as the primary drive for your important programs and operating system, and a traditional hdd to store music. Optical computer definition of optical computer by the free. Michael stevenson breaks down the options and lists important questions to consider when searching for the software that suits your needs. An optical computer is a device that uses visible light or infrared ir beams, rather than electric current, to perform digital computations. Optical character recognition ocr refers to both the technology and process of reading and converting typed, printed or handwritten characters into machineencoded text or something that the computer can manipulate.
While optical drives can spin discs at very high speeds, they are still significantly slower than hard drives, which store data magnetically. Perhaps the rapidity of the changes from one of these paces to the other created an optical illusion, which might thus magnify the powers of the beast. Using ocr software, you could convert this article into a microsoft word document and then be able to change any of the words. Electrical switches change the direction of propagation for the transmitted wave. In information technology, hardware is the physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other devices. Optical computing for fast light transport analysis matthew otoole. Is a collection of entitieshardware,software and liveware that are designed to. Ocr is a technology that recognizes text within a digital image. However, because optical media is inexpensive and removable, it is the most common format used for distributing computer software. The term arose as a way to distinguish the box and the electronic circuitry and components of a computer from the program you put in it to make it do things. For decades, photons have promised to allow a higher bandwidth than the electrons used in conventional computers. The term hardware describes the physical aspects of computers and related devices. Abstract this paper gives a brief description about the evolution of optical computing optical computing generated a lot of enthusiasm in the sixties with major breakthroughs opening a large number of perspectives. Multimode computing optical imaging technology based on.
Software package for the transmission of results using network and serial communication via local area network to computer applications and printers using tcpip or to files. We will develop and describe in detail the term software. Optical definition is of or relating to the science of optics. Nov 19, 2019 an optical drive is a piece of computer hardware about the size of a thick softcover book. With a variety of optical design software on the market, choosing the right package for your application can be difficult. From a simple, basic solution to a fully paperless system. An optical drive is a piece of computer hardware about the size of a thick softcover book. What computer software is recomended for optical lab management. Optical mark recognition omr also employs an optical scanner, but does not employ a character recognition engine. It uses a lightemitting diode and photodiodes to determine the direction a mouse is moving across a surface. Optical character recognition ocr refers to the software used to convert letters and numbers that are noneditable into a format that can be edited.
Flexible and powerful thermo scientific oxsas optical emission analytical software runs a variety of analyses, including the development of new analytical methods and calibrations as well as rapid highquality routine elemental analysis. The optical storage technology association osta is an international trade organization dedicated to the promotion of standardized writable optical technologies and related products. A laser read the dots, and the data was converted to an electrical. Opticabase our practice management software provides a simple but comprehensive solution for an opticians practice. Optical computing is a very interesting 60year old field of research. However, the technology is bulkier meaning less memory per chip. Implementation of a generalpurpose storedprogram digital optical computer. May 21, 2019 software is a program that enables a computer to perform a specific task, as opposed to the physical components of the system hardware. Allow information to be used in other parts of the computer. Software can also take advantage of artificial intelligence ai to implement more advanced methods of intelligent character recognition icr. The bluray format is an optical disc for highdefinition video and the storage of highdensity data. These differing technologies are identified by examining the bottom of the mouse.
Software is a general term for the various kinds of program s used to operate computer s and related devices. This is often done by taking an image of the document first by scanning it or taking a digital picture. Most optical computers use electronic components for computation. A computer that uses holograms for compact data storage and laser beams for connections. Pc audio codecs high definition audio codecs software. Definition of a software component and its elements. An optical computer also called a photonic computer is a device that uses the photon s in visible light or infrared ir beams,rather than electric current, to perform digital computations. Complexity research is applied in a wide range of fields including software development, architecture, artificial intelligence, city planning, networking, bioinformatics and software engineering.
Optical computing was a hot research area in the 1980s. This allows you to play music or watch movies using. Get the best deals on computer optical audio cable when you shop the largest online selection at. Media used in computer storage receive messages in the form of data, via software commands from the computer system. Optometry software that provides a comprehensive but compact package capable of converting your optician practice into a paperless environment. One optical disk holds about the equivalent of 500 floppies worth of data. How to use optical character recognition for security. This includes the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
All definitions on the techterms website are written to be technically accurate but also easy to understand. The construction of an optical computer that can explore the. Storage devices are the computer hardware used to rememberstore data. Computer dictionary definitions, glossary, and terms beginning with the letter s like storage, software, start, sound card, spreadsheet, speaker, and star topology. Monster silver advanced performance 8 fiberoptic audio cable black. Optical computer definition of optical computer by merriam. It is a computer storage disk that stores data digitally and uses laser beams transmitted from a laser head mounted on an optical disk drive to read and write data. Cd, dvd and bluray drives are optical storage devices. This paper gives an overview of software defined optical networks sdons. Optical character recognition definition infolific.1316 552 957 1114 437 1470 865 1266 270 766 1104 817 1586 487 1009 1350 1378 180 1002 96 358 1162 448 587 258 1263 205 608 1215 541 423 717